type of waste that can be converted into renewable energy

Type of Waste that Can Be Converted into Renewable Energy

There is without a doubt a clear need to recycle, reuse, and reduce waste; but, the recovery of energy from waste is also gaining popularity as a crucial approach to managing waste.

Technologies ranging from the traditional combustion process to cutting-edge plasma gasification technology can all be used to convert wastes into clean and effective energy and fuel. These technologies not only recover energy but also significantly reduce the total amount of garbage that needs to be disposed of in the end.

Waste-to-energy initiatives offer significant commercial opportunities, environmental advantages, and energy security. Agro-industrial wastes, crop byproducts, and municipal solid wastes are just a few of the wastes that can be turned into renewable energy which can save our planet.

Type of Waste that Can Be Converted into Renewable Energy

Animal Waste

Animal Waste

Both small- and community-scale biogas production can be done with animal manure. The introduction of stricter environmental regulations on odour and water pollution means that some form of waste management is now necessary, which provides additional incentives for waste-to-energy conversion. Previously, this waste was recovered and sold as fertiliser or simply spread onto agricultural land. Anaerobic digestion is the most alluring way to transform these wastes into a usable form.

Agricultural Waste

In accordance with current farming methods, residues are typically burned, allowed to decompose, or grazed by cattle. Agricultural wastes have properties that set them apart from other solid fuels like wood, and charcoal. Several well-established technologies can be utilised to convert crop wastes into biofuels, biogas, heat, and power.

Solid Waste

type of waste that can be converted into renewable energy - Solid Waste

Thermochemical or biological processes can turn municipal trash into energy. In an anaerobic digester, the organic portion can be biochemically stabilised to produce fertiliser and biogas (for heat and power). Municipalities and the general public find sewage sludge to be a major nuisance, but it is a great source of biogas that may be effectively produced at sewage treatment facilities.

Wood Waste

Wood waste is concentrated at factories used for processing, such as plywood and sawmills. Typically, the furniture industry will generate 450 kg of trash, or over half (45%), of every 1,000 kg of wood processed.

Similarly to this, when 1,000 kg of wood is processed in a sawmill, the waste makes up more than half (52%), or 520 kg of wood. Because wood wastes have a high calorific value, thermal processes like combustion and gasification can effectively transform them into energy.

Industrial Waste

Industrial Waste

Industrial Waste products come from every sector of the food business, from meat processing to confectionary, and they can all be used as a source of energy.

Methods used to turn waste into energy

Plasma Arc Gasification

Gas produced by compressing the waste is ionised in this method using a plasma torch. Then, synthesis gas is used to generate power.

An innovative and rising technology that aims to improve and sustain the environment is the process of converting garbage into electricity. Waste-to-energy to energy technology is improving daily, and by utilizing it, we can protect our ecology. It can also be used to address the global energy crisis. Even while the amount of energy produced utilizing the waste-to-energy method is currently quite tiny, it has the potential to be an excellent energy solution soon.


Incineration is the most widely used process for converting trash to energy. The waste organics that were gathered have been burned at a high temperature throughout this operation. The term “thermal therapy” refers to this process. The heat produced by this thermal process is subsequently utilised to produce energy.



This method is commonly utilised in the manufacturing sector to recover energy from trash. This is comparable to hydrous pyrolysis. In contrast to hydrous pyrolysis, the pyrolysis process employs industrial or agricultural organic waste.


In the presence of water, this method exploits thermal decomposition. This procedure involves heating waste organic compounds to a high temperature in order to produce thermal energy. By using the trash in this process, we may produce fossil fuels. The thermal breakdown is often referred to as hydrous pyrolysis.



This technique is being developed to produce energy from waste. In this process, carbonaceous materials are heated to a high temperature and combined with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and a tiny quantity of hydrogen. This process produces Synthesis gas, a useful source of alternative energy. Then, electricity and heat are produced using synthesis gas.


The environmental effects of waste in many nations can be significantly reduced by using cutting-edge waste-to-energy conversion technologies as a way for secure disposal of solid and liquid wastes and as a desirable choice to create heat, power, and fuels.